The Simple Present tense has various uses, but mainly it is used to talk about things or actions in general, things or actions that may occur in the present, but not necessarily at the time of speaking.
Example: “It rains a lot in Seattle.” – It doesn’t necessarily rains now!
How to Use the Simple Present Tense
The Simple Present tense is also used to express actions that happen regularly or repeatedly.
Example: “I play football every Saturday.”
Use the Simple Present tense for facts.
Example: “Cats like milk.”
Use it for things that are generally true.
Example: “The sun rises in the East.”
The Present Simple tense can also be used for permanent situations.
Example: “I live in London.” – I’ve lived there all my life.
Affirmative Sentence Structure:
|Subject||Verb||Rest of the sentence|
|I / You||drive||every day.|
|He / She / It||drives||every day.|
|We / You / They||drive||every day.|
Negative Sentence Structure:
|Subject||Auxiliary Verb + NOT||Verb||Rest of the sentence|
|I / You||don’t||drive||every day.|
|He / She / It||doesn’t||drive||every day.|
|We / You / They||don’t||drive||every day.|
Interrogative Sentence Structure:
|Auxiliary Verb||Subject||Verb||Rest of the sentence|
|Do||I / you||drive||every day?|
|Does||he / she / it||drive||every day?|
|Do||we / you / they||drive||every day?|
Simple Present – Signal Words
always, never, often, seldom, every day/week/month/year, usually, rarely, normally, sometimes, hardly ever
Simple Present Tense – Additional Rules
In the third person singular (he, she, it) verbs take an “s”: she wants, he takes, it rains etc.
Spelling rules in third person singular:
- Verbs ending in ss, sh, ch, x, o are followed by es: kisses, watches, does
- If verbs end with consonant + Y, remove the Y and change it to –ies: carry – carries, try – tries, marry – marries
- If verbs end with vowel + Y, no modification needed